The Yale Law Journal

Scott J. Shapiro


Outcasting: Enforcement in Domestic and International Law

Oona Hathaway & Scott J. Shapiro

121 Yale L.J. 252 (2011).

This Article offers a new way to understand the enforcement of domestic and international law that we call “outcasting.” Unlike the distinctive method that modern states use to enforce their law, outcasting is nonviolent: it does not rely on bureaucratic organizations, such …