The Yale Law Journal

Dylan O. Keenan


Confronting Crawford v. Washington in the Lower Courts

Dylan O. Keenan

122 Yale L.J. 782 (2012).

Crawford v. Washington is arguably the most significant criminal procedure decision of the last decade. Critics have argued that the Crawford line is a doctrinal muddle that has led to arbitrary and unpredictable results in the lower courts. I respond to this critique by pre…